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Most Common Causes Of Basement Flooding

Opening a door and seeing your basement flooding is not a pleasant sight. First thoughts are how to stop it, then how to fix it. Failing to address basement water issues could lead to mold growth, structural damage, personal property loss, and other expensive repairs. We have assisted countless Ottawa area clients in our 20+ years in business. We take pride in offering solid, affordable waterproofing solutions to ensure you basement gets dry and stays dry.

While basements should be dry various factors can cause water seepage and moisture buildup. Let’s look at the most common causes of basement water problems and offer tips on how to fix them.

Common Causes Of Basement Flooding

Below are some typical causes for water flooding into your basement:

  • Cracks in Foundation Walls or Floor: Cracks in foundation walls or floors the main entry points for water into basements. Soil settles from freeze/thaw cycles, hydrostatic pressure, or even the natural curing process of concrete. Water passes through these cracks, leading to dampness, moisture accumulation, and eventually potential structural integrity problems.
  • Inadequate Drainage System: Adequate drainage around your home’s foundation is essential for directing water away from your basement area. If the grading or slope around your house is wrong, water may collect close to the foundation. Clogged gutters, downspouts, and French-style drains may also contribute to wet basements.
  • Hydrostatic Pressure: Hydrostatic pressure refers to the force exerted by groundwater against basement walls/floors. Heavy rainfalls combined with poor soil-draining conditions can result in hydrostatic pressures. This is extra dangerous when in a river valley like here in Ottawa.
  • Leaking Windows or Window Wells: Poorly sealed windows or those with damaged seals and window wells that are not properly designed can also let water in during heavy rains or melting snow. Water may accumulate around these places before finally seeping into your house through these weak points.
  • Sewer or Plumbing Leaks—Basement water problems can also be caused by leaking sewerage systems or plumbing pipes. These leaks often occur due to old age, root infiltration, blockages within the system, etc. Failure to fix them promptly may lead to severe damage due to flooding and health risks associated with contaminated wastewater.
  • Humid Conditions and Condensation -Even without visible water leaks, basements may still have high moisture levels because of condensation from poor ventilation, inadequate insulation, and a lack of proper vapor barrier, among other factors. This creates an environment where molds thrive, causing musty smells and weakening structures over time.

Signs Of Basement Moisture Problems

The following items indicate you may have moisture entering your basement:

  • Water stains or discoloration on walls/floors, which typically appear yellowish, brownish, reddish, etc., show areas where water has soaked through materials after entering the building.
  • Smells, or musty odours occur when there is too much moisture, which may indicate fungus, mildew, or decay.
  • Cracks that can be seen with the naked eye or even leaks are direct entry points for water intrusion.
  • Efflorescence is a white powdery mineral residue that forms when salts are dissolved in water passing through concrete or masonry.
  • Molds vary in appearance from patches of green fuzz to thick-cut steaks. They flourish under moist conditions. Most pose health risks and can irritate airways.
  • Peeling or bubbling paint is caused by paint separation from the surface below due to moisture inside.
  • Floors and walls warp/buckle as wood swells and warps over time after extended exposure to water or shifts structurally because of saturated soil.
  • High humidity Ottawa summers causes condensation on cool surfaces such as windows, pipes, or walls, where mold and bacteria can grow.

Any of these signs show an underlying problem with water content, which should be addressed immediately by investigating its root causes and fixing them accordingly.

Professional Repairs Are The Best Way to Get Your Basement in Good Condition

While do-it-yourself methods seem attractive when dealing with basement water issues, professional services for basement waterproofing are often more appropriate. Skilled technicians possess the required know-how, specialized equipment, and industry experience for accurate diagnosis and treatment against the root cause(s) behind water penetration. They can install customized, comprehensive systems that will permanently keep off dampness from your basement according to its unique requirements. 

Moreover, experts could easily overlook structural defects attributable to DIY approaches towards identifying areas troubled by dampness; these professionals, however, have what it takes to rectify and prevent them. It’s why their workmanship comes guaranteed alongside warranties, so you don’t have to worry about anything going wrong later on. Here are some services provided by experts in basement repair:

  • Foundation cracks repairs & sealing
  • Interior/Exterior Waterproofing Systems
  • Sump Pump Installation & Maintenance
  • Drainage System Installation/Repair
  • Dehumidification/Vapor Barrier Installation
  • Mold Remediation/Structural Repairs

By making timely repairs that address the underlying causes of basement flooding problems, expert handlers secure the structural integrity of buildings and create dry living spaces. The repair work should be done to prevent re-occurrence or further moisture damage. 

Once foundations are sealed against water seepage, basement walls can be finished with proper insulation materials to keep them warm during winter and cool throughout summer, thus saving energy costs associated with heating and cooling.

Ottawa’s Basement Repair Experts

Don’t wait until your basement is flooded beyond repair before calling professionals. Early detection saves money in the long run because, at this stage, the problem has not escalated into something more expensive and difficult to fix. Ignoring signs of moisture buildup may compromise structural stability, lead to mold growths and wood rot. It can also cause unhealthy air quality, which are hazardous health-wise if exposed to for long periods and especially children.

We offer reliable services for waterproofing basements. Their track record speaks volumes about what they can do best, so you won’t regret engaging them at any given point. They have dealt with many scenarios to date, so rest assured that whatever type or size of the project entrusted to them will be handled professionally from start to finish, with guaranteed success rates consistently achieved.

The Foundation Experts know that you want your basement to be free of water problems, and we offer industry-leading services in this field. For more details about how we can help eliminate water problems in your basement, call us at (613) 227-2006 or email us through this Contact Us form.